Video of keynote lecture at University of Heidelberg available on YouTube courtesy of Julius Morche
By ROBERT BLECKER, The Hartford CourantApril 1, 2012
Once again the politicians think they know better than the people, preparing to abolish capital punishment in the teeth of popular support for the death of those who most deserve it.
Ask the people about Joshua Komisarjevsky and Steven Hayes — at least three quarters of Connecticut knows that these depraved and sadistic monsters deserve to die for raping then burning alive the Petit family in 2007. But the majority of Connecticut’s General Assembly and governor would abolish the death penalty, call it “justice” and call it a day.
If the legislature abolishes the death penalty, it will be a great day in Connecticut for the worst of the worst. Condemned killers on death row, no less than experts on both sides, all understand “prospective only” abolition as a fraud.
The state will never execute anybody for a crime that could no longer get death. The death penalty and death row will be left to wither. Russell Peeler, who had an 8-year-old and his mother killed to eliminate the child as a witness; Todd Rizzo, who used a sledgehammer to beat to death a 13-year-old boy to know what it felt like — all the condemned can look forward to their release into general population where their crimes will be forgotten and consciously ignored by officers and prisoners alike, eager to make the best of their lives, day-by-day.
Historians will record it. In 2012, the death penalty in Connecticut had this feel: Unable to withstand well orchestrated and relentless attacks, weighed down by disuse and expense, its time seemed to have passed. The whole institution felt like a burdensome vestige of an irrational obsession with the past. Even Dr. William Petit Jr. appears more prepared than ever to move on, with his announced marriage and absence from the latest hearings before a judiciary committee preset to recommend abolition.
Grieving survivors should never be made to feel guilty in giving up the hate and getting on with their lives. But Dr. Petit was not murdered, raped and burnt alive. His family was. We, the political family of the victim, although one step removed, in our righteous indignation, our need for justice — we, strangers but fellow citizens, fellow survivors, equally vulnerable to viciousness and terror, feel — yes, feel — continually connected to the slain. Compared to the survivors’ grief, immediate and intense, enduring sometimes crippling — our righteous indignation, our rage at the callous or sadistic murderer may seem mere commentary. Their healing takes priority.
Many immediate survivors could better come to terms with their loss, but for this nagging feeling that moving beyond their anger means letting down their loved one. Only by keeping the wound fresh, they fear, can they keep the memory alive. They may feel guilty in healing, as if looking forward turns their backs on their beloved and buries them a second time.
Although brutal murderers may enjoy long lives in prison while the memory of their suffering victim decays, many abolitionists, especially devout Christians, maintain their moral equilibrium through faith that justice will be done in the hereafter. This belief consoles them. The need for justice may especially incline victims’ survivors to those religious beliefs — seeking as they do, solace in the face of suffering. It would console me to believe that my loved one’s brutal murderer will someday face ultimate justice. Our secular society, however, separates church and state. We, the people, commit ourselves to human justice in this world — here, now — as if there will be no hereafter.
Can we abolish the death penalty and still keep our covenant with the victim we never knew? Never to forgive; never to forget. Can we keep the fire burning until justice at last is done? We, fellow citizens of the slain, declare to the survivors: The voice of your brother’s blood, your parent’s blood, our children’s blood, the blood of your beloved, cries out to us from the ground. It remains our responsibility and we accept it: to continue to hate sadistic viciousness, and callous predators. We will not allow politicians’ anguished deliberation to diminish our felt need for justice.
Now is the time to take our turn at the watch; to sit in for the family. We pledge to the survivors we will not let our anger cool, our memory decay. We will retain our righteous indignation, and keep up the pressure for justice. And if we no longer can punish the worst killers by the death they deserve, we will do our best to keep a covenant with the dead. We pledge to the victims that we, the lucky, spared the murderous wrath of their depraved and sadistic killers, will punish those murderers every day with life. Steven Hayes and Joshua Komisarjevsky deserve to die. If the state keeps them alive, they deserve to live miserably, forever condemned, segregated and denied the perks and privileges of daily prison life.
The end of death as punishment does not end, but opens a conversation. What should the punishment of life feel like, day-to-day, when we can no longer kill those who most deserve to die?
Robert Blecker is a criminal law professor at New York Law School. Part I of his punishment memoir, “Let the Great Axe Fall,” is available as a Kindle Single
Would declaring it not a bluff make it more or less likely that the threat was a bluff? Well that depends on the purpose of a bluff. Many of us may think the purpose of a bluff is to win with a losing hand. But I came to understand from two very different sources that’s not how it works.
Over A Barrel: Insurance — the Tail that Wags the Dog
Unable to sleep, I tuned on CNBC – a business channel – this morning and heard an oil analyst attribute much of the spike in oil prices to the higher insurance costs surrounding the uncertainty over Iran’s near term actions. The analyst further suggested that these days, insurance rather than any true equilibrium of supply and demand irrationally determines the price of a barrel.
Insurance, I’m discovering, plays a much larger role in life, including the arts, than we might imagine. I was struck by this not long ago when a friend of mine, Richard Abramowitz, advised me that I’d have a hard time ever showing my documentary “The Death of Punishment” if it included a scene inside the library of a maximum security prison, where a prisoner/librarian, sat back leisurely listening to Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young’s classic song, “Woodstock” while the camera panned along rows of books and focused on – yes, the prison library’s well stocked “True Crime” section. Got to keep the prisoners entertained and informed!
So why couldn’t I show that? Because the band was unlikely to allow it. Now we do have a legal doctrine of “fair use”, which allows anybody to use small pieces of others’ work, provided we’re not expropriating, or stealing its creative core. I was just recording the scene as it happened which included only a few seconds of the song. I wasn’t stealing the music, the tune, the sequence or anything. Surely this qualified as “fair use.” Legally, sure, Richard, conceded.
But that didn’t mean any distributor would distribute the documentary. “They’ll never get E&O insurance” Richard informed me. And without it, no theatre will show it. “E&O”, I learned, stands for “errors and omissions”. Apparently few if any films are released or shown without that insurance, which protects the theatre owners from lawsuits, however frivolous. And the insurance company will not issue the policy without the songwriter’s or performers’ release. And the artists will not sign the release if the scene disturbs their political sensibilities.
So much for the 1st Amendment. So much for our commitment to truth. A higher principle intercedes: insurance.
It’s a shame, and I haven’t made a deep study of it, but I suspect that insurance rules our lives to a greater degree than we imagine or even suspect. I wish someone would blow the lid off this. But if they did, perhaps no one would distribute it – not without proper insurance.
Poor Mitt Romney. Seems every time he might get some traction these days, something messes up. The latest – his appearance at Ford Field in Michigan, a football stadium with 65,000 seats, drew a crowd of 1200 to hear his major address. It’s a respectable number in itself – but not in that setting. And as the photos of the mostly empty space circulated in e-space, the atmospheric takeaway: Romney plummets.
I learned travelling with my antifederalist monologue, “Vote NO!” – the best case against the Constitution by those who opposed it — how important the choice of venue. One performance in a hotel’s cavernous grand ballroom that held 1200 drew two hundred – very respectable for this kind of event. And yet we felt like a tiny band, mostly huddled around tables near the front, the rest lightly scattered about. The performance began with an air of disappointment and fell flat. The actor felt off from the start and later blamed the space. Another time, we performed in a small town library on a snowy night. The sponsoring humanities council, distressed at the weather, wisely shifted the venue last minute to a room that held 20. Thirty two people showed up that night – some sat along the side on a radiator. The place was packed, the performance electric.
Sometimes, though, the choice of space simply doesn’t matter. I’ll never forget the first time I spoke publicly about my prison experiences. Boston University – they reserved a large auditorium. The hosts took me to a Chinese meal, and we suddenly realized we had gotten lost in conversation and the event was about to begin. So we feverishly raced back to the auditorium, and burst through the door – 8:02 for an 8 O’clock start. The place was empty. We looked at each other. Someone had obviously posted the wrong venue. My host ran outside to check the posters and returned looking pale. This was the spot. Nobody was there.
Suddenly the door opened, and a lone young lady entered the large auditorium, looked at the four of us on stage, walked down the aisle, and plopped herself in the front row. Now what to do? Every person matters. Who cares about the size of the audience? It’s the strength of the message. “Neither rain, nor sleet” – no that’s the post office pledge. Besides the show must go on – ah, there’s the right cliche.
I cleared my throat, scanned the virtually empty auditorium, and altered my approach on the spot to address the audience of one. “As we were talking about at dinner, Lorton prison offers some disturbing lessons—“ I saw her visibly discomforted. She would get it, I imagined, and pass it on. “Excuse me,” she interrupted, “but this isn’t the French Review session.”
It seems in life, nearly every event, every experience, every relationship is a ratio. Nothing is itself. They carry and cast shadows of their potential. But zero/anything is still zero. Is anyone reading this? If you are, alas, it’s not the French review.
Game and sport illuminate life. Where the offense seeks to penetrate a sacred space – score a goal, a basket, a touchdown – we playfully replicate sexual and power dynamics of human and political relationships.
Death Row is Torture
Is Death Row a Form of ‘Psychological Torment’?
To the Editor:
“Lifelong Death Sentences,” by Adam Liptak (Sidebar column, Nov. 1), says that “foreign courts have ruled that living for decades under the threat of imminent execution is a form of psychological torment.” But the condemned do not live under threat of imminent execution; the long delays give the lie to that claim.
The condemned have advance notice of each execution date and learn to discount them with each successive stay. As my visual documentation of life on death row in several states shows, most often life on death row is more laid back than the daily life of convicted murderers sentenced to life.
Mr. Liptak cites the observation by the Columbia law professor James S. Liebman that we produce too many death sentences. True. But as Mr. Liebman and I declared in a joint op-ed article in The Houston Chronicle (May 25, 2003), opponents and death-penalty proponents can find common ground by narrowing the death penalty to the worst of the worst. Then we should shorten the time it takes to execute these monsters.
ROBERT BLECKER New York, Nov. 1, 2011
Continuing the useful distinction between pressure and pain:
Two recent events illustrate it. The Israelis and Hamas engage in a prisoner swap — one Israeli soldier for 1000 Palestinian prisoners. Had Hamas killed the soldier it kidnapped, they would have inflicted more pain. But by capturing him and keeping him alive, they maximized the pressure which eventuated in the exchange.
Or take Herman Cain. Assuming recent allegations of sexual harrassment have some foundation (which they may not) — had he simply revealed the truth, his campaign would have been damaged (pain). But the pressure would be gone. By refusing to specify what happened, and call for the release of supporting documentation, Cain has allowed the pressure to increase, day by day.
Perhaps that’s what Roosevelt meant by “nothing to fear but fear itself.”
My just published memoir/essay “Let The Great Axe Fall” (see link to Kindle below) cites Roger Fisher’s distinction between pressure and pain. Those who would alter the strategy or policy of an opponent (or an enemy) should focus on maximizing pressure but not necessarily pain. Fisher, the author of the best selling classic Getting to Yes (well worth the read) drew the distinction in the early days of Palestinian terrorism. If the Israelis ever come to view getting blown up in a cafe bombing as a random, tragic, isolated but unavoidable act — like getting killed in a fatal car crash — the Palestinians would have lost all pressure, even if they retained to capacity to inflict pain.
The baseball playoffs remind me of this. The team coming to bat, down 3-0 might well be better off having their leadoff batter hit a double, (or even a single) than a home run. This may seem counterintuitive. After all, the defensive team is still ahead 3 runs. But now they begin to adjust to protect against the run — pull the infield in to guard against a bunt or make a play at the plate. Perhaps intentionally walk the next batter to try to get a double play. The team at bat, down three runs, now exerts greater pressure, and may end up with a big inning. Had their leadoff hitter hit a homerun — true the score would be 3-1, but the pressure’s off
It strikes me that our policy toward Iran (with the late revalations that they might have ordered a hit on the Saudi ambassador to the U.S.) seems wisely directed at increasing the pressure to change their nuclear policies. We could attempt a surgical strike on their nuclear facility (probably missing secret sites.) But that would set them back but probably not pressure them to change.
Utilitarian advocates of punishment, too, as “Let the Great Axe Fall” points out, seek to maximize the pressure on would-be criminals (general deterrence) and convicted criminals (specific deterrence). We retributivists who would keep covenants with the dead sometimes see the infliction of pain itself, separate from the pressure it exerts in the future, as a vital part of justice. I’ll leave it to you to read and react to the essay.
If you do read it and find it worth your time, I’d appreciate if you post a review on Kindle. On the other hand, if you read it and find it boring, remember what your parents taught you: “If you have nothing nice to say . . .
Anyway, this is my maiden post on my blog. I invite your reaction.
Amazon Link for Book